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2007年职称英语考试真题试卷及答案-卫生类(C级)
作者:佚名  文章来源:本站原创  字体: 文章录入:admin    责任编辑:admin 

英 语(卫生类C级)

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1.At midnight,we were aroused by a knock at the door.

  A.irritated B.awakened C.arisen D.annoyed

  2.She was awarded a prize for the film.

  A.given B.rewarded C.sent D.reminded

  3.Smoking will be banned in all public places here.

  A.forbidden B.allowed C.permitted D.promoted

  4.That guy is intelligeng but a bit dull.

  A.strange B.special C.quiet D.boring

  5.She is a highly successful teacher.

  A.fairly B.rather C.very D.moderately

  6.We should not sacrifice environmental protections to foster economic growth.

  A.reduce B.promote C.realize D.give

  7.There is a growing gap between the rich and the poor.

  A.conflict B.tension C.gulf D.confrontation

  8.I am very grateful to you for your assistance.

  A.helpful B.hopeful C.pitiful D.thankful

  9.You will be meeting her presently.

  A.shortly B.currently C.lately D.probably

  10.Attitudes to mental illness have shifted in recent years.

  A.displayed B.shown C.changed D.demonstrated

  11.I have been trying to guit smoking.

  A.give up B.pick up C.build up D.take up

  12.Relief workers were shocked by what they saw.

  A.moved B.touched C.surprised D.worried

  13.The weather is a constant subject of conversation in Britain.

  A.question B.problem C.title D.topic

  14.This is not typical of English,but is a feature of the Chinese language.

  A.particular B.characteristic C.remarkable D.idiomatic

  15.It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.

  A.simply B.almost C.totally D.completely

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,第题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

Want to Be 100?Listen to These 5 Centenarians(百岁老人)

  Five neighbors at a central Missouri retirement community who are all centenarians get asked all the time:"How did you live to be 100?"

  If you want to live to 100 or more,this rare group of five golden girls says the key to longevity(长寿)is working hard at a job you love and taking care of your body while you're at it.

  Even though an estimated 70,000 people in the country are currently at the century mark or beyond in age,it is unusual to find five 100-year-olds living in one place.

  The average life-span(寿命)of Americans is about two or three years short of an 80th birthday party.And most people don't want to cut out coffee,soda,alcohol,cigarettes,and eat healthy food.

  "People tell me all the time,'I don't want to live to be 100,'"said Mildred Leaver,who turned 100 in June.

  "I think that's just sad.Aging is attitude and I don't feel old,"said Leaver,a former educator who still drives her Buick around town.

  It doesn't take long to see that Leaver and her neighbors Mildred Harris,Grace Wolfson,Gladys Stuart and Viola Semas,have a lot more in common than their longevity and lifelong healthy habits.All are 100 except Stuart,who is 101.

  Even though their sight and hearing aren't what they used to be,they've all avoided illnesses that many elderly people are stricken with.It's been 50 years since Leaver beat cancer for the first and only time.

  The common thread that connects these women is the decades of service to jobs each loved as a farmer,designer,school principal,bookkeeper and secretary.In the early years of their lives,gainfully employed women like them were just as rare as 100-year-olds are today.

  16.Currently about 70,000 people are aged 100 or above in America.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  17.It is not hard to find five 100-year-olds living in one place in America.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  18.None of the five centenarians have any children.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  19.The average life-span of Americans is 80 years.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  20.Leaver feels sad about her old age.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  21.Leaver was stricken with cancer 50 years age.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  22.The five centenarians live in a very friendly community.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Clinical Trials

  1Many clinical trials are done to see if a new drug or device is safe and effective for people to use.Sometimes clinical trials are used to study different ways to use the standard treatments so they will be more effective,easier to use,and/or decrease side effects.Sometimes,studies are done to learn how to best use the treatment in a different population,such as children,in whom the treatment was not previously tested.

  2It is important to test drugs and medical products in the people they are meant to help.It is also important to conduct research in a variety of people because different people may respond differently to treatments.Some people participate in clinical trials because they have exhausted standard treatment options.Other people participate in trials because they want to contribute to the advancement of medical knowledge.

  3The FDA(食品及药物管理局)works to protect participants in clinical trials and to ensure that people have reliable information as they decide whether to join a clinical trial.Although efforts are made to control the risks to clinical trical participants,some risks may be unavoidable because of the uncertainty inherent(内在的)in medical research studies involving new medical treatments.

  4People should learn as much as possible about the clinical trials that interest them.They should also feel comfortable discussing their questions and concerns with members of the health care team.Prospective(预期的)participants should understand what happens during the trial,the type of health care they will receive,and any costs to them.Anyone considering a clinical trial should also know that there are benefits and risks associated with participating.

  23.Paragraph 1     .
  24.Paragraph 2     .
  25.Paragraph 3     .
  26.Paragraph 4     .
  A Why are clinical trials done?
  B Where are clinical trials conducted?
  C Who should consider clinical trials and why?
  D What should people know before participating in a clinical trial?
  E What are clinical trials?
  F Are clinical trials safe?

  27.New drugs or devices must be tested before being used.
  28.Clinical trials provide the only hope.
  29.Reliable information should be available to.
  30.Learn as much as you can about a clinical trial.
  A for some patients
  B before participation
  C in humans
  D medical knowledge
  E during the trial
  F candidates for clinical trials

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第一篇

Heat and Health

  Extremely hot weather is common in many parts of the world.Although hot weather just makes most people hot,it can cause medical problems-and death.

  Health experts say that since the year 1900,extremely hot weather has killed more people in the United States than any other natural event.One year-the unusually hot summer of 1980-heat caused about 1,700 deaths in the United States.In 1995,more than 600 people died in a similar heat wave in one city-Chicago.

  To measure extreme heat,govemment weather experts have developed the  Mean Heat Index.It measures the average of how hot it is felt all day on an extremely hot day.Experts say it is the total heat of a hot day or several hot days that can affect health.Several hot days are considered a heat wave.Experts say heat waves often become deadly when the nighttime temperature does not drop much from the highest daytime temperature.

  The most common medical problem caused by hot weather is heat stress.Usually,it also is the least severe.For most peoople,the only result of heat stress is muscle pain.The pain is a warning that the body is becoming too hot.Doctors say drinking water will help the pain disappear after the body again has the right amounts of water and salt.For some people,however,the result is much more serious.

  For example,doctors say some people face a greatly increased danger from heat stress.These people have a weak or damaged heart,high blood pressure,or other problems of the blood system.Severe heat can help cause a heart attack or stroke.Health experts say this is the most common cause of death linked to hot weather.

  31.How many people died from heat in Chicago in 1995?
  A.About 1700.
  B.Nearly 1900.
  C.Around 1100.
  D.Over 600.

  32.What can people learn from the Mean Heat Index?
  A.The average temperature of an extremely hot day.
  B.The highest temperature of an extremely hot day.
  C.The lowest temperature of an extremely hot day.
  D.The nighttime temperature of an extremely hot day.

  33.A heat wave is a period of time during which
  A.the weather is much better than usual.
  B.the nights are much longer than usual.
  C.the weather is much hotter than usual.
  D.the days are much longer than usual.

  34.Muscle pain in hot weather means that your body needs
  A.more exercise.
  B.more water.
  C.less oxygen.
  D.less sugar.

  35.For people who are in extremely poor health,heat can be
  A.deadly.
  B.painful.
  C.helpful.
  D.stressful.

  第二篇

Good Table Manners

  Manners play an important part in making a favorable impression at the dinner table.Here are some general rules:

  Napkin(餐巾)use

  The meal begins when the host unfolds his or her napkin.This is your signal to do the same,so place your napkin on your lap.Unfold it completely if it is a small napkin,or in half,lengthwise(纵向地),if it is a large dinner napkin.

  If you need to leave the table during the meal,place your napkin on your chair as a signal to your server that you will be returning.Once the meal is over,place your napkin neatly on the table to the right of your dinner plate.Do not refold it.

  Use a napkin only for your mouth.Never use it for your nose,face or forehead.

  Use of utensils(餐具)

  Start with the knife,fork or spoon furthest from your plate,and work your way in,using one utensil for each course.

  If soup is served,remember to spoon away from yoursefl.This helps stop the drips.Do not put the entire soup spoon in your mouth.Instead,fill a soup spoon about 75 per cent with soup,and sip(啜饮)it from the side noiselessly.

  After finishing dinner,place the knife and fork parallel to one another across the plate with the knife alade facing inward toward the plate.

  Using your fingers

  Here's a list of finger foods:sandwiches,cookies,small fruits or berries with stems,French fries and potato chips,and hamburgers.

  Chew(咀嚼)with your mouth closed and don't make noise;don't talk with your mouth full.

  Bread must be broken with your hands.It is never cut with a knife.

  Don't pick something out of your teeth.Instead,excuse yourself to the bathroom.

  If possible,try not to cough at the table.

  Do not put your elbows(肘)on the table.In France,it is essential to have both hands above the table at the same time.

  Do not put bones or anything else on the table.Things that are not eaten should be put on your plate.

  36.Where is the napkin normally placed during the meal?
  A.On your chair.
  B.On the table.
  C.On your lap.
  D.On your plate.

  37.The napkin is used only for
  A.your forehead.
  B.your mouth.
  C.your nose.
  D.your face.

  38.Which utensil is used first?
  A.The knife.
  B.The fork.
  C.The spoon.
  D.The one farthest from the plate.

  39.All of the following are finger foods except
  A.soup.
  B.sandwiches.
  C.cookies.
  D.hamburgers.

  40.Which of the following shows good table manners?
  A.Talking with your mouth full.
  B.Putting bones on your plate.
  C.Putting your elbows on the table.
  D.Chewing with your month open.

 

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