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2007年职称英语考试真题试卷及答案-卫生类(B级)
作者:佚名  文章来源:本站原创  字体: 文章录入:admin    责任编辑:admin 

英 语(卫生类B级)

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1.I have been trying to quit  smoking.

  A.give up B.pick up C.build up D.take up

  2.Relief workers  were shocked by what they saw.

  A.moved B.touched C.surprised D.worried

  3.The weather is a constant subject  of conversation in Britain.

  A.question B.problem C.title D.topic

  4.This is not typical  of English,but is a feature of the Chinese language.

  A.particular B.characteristic C.remarkable D.idiomatic

  5.It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.

  A.simply B.almost C.totally D.completely

  6.These are defensive behavior patterns  which derive  from our fears.

  A.stem B.rely C.develop D.grow

  7.Only a small minority of the mentally ill are liable to harm themselves or others.

  A.easy B.possible C.likely D.difficult

  8.They have the capability  to destroy the enemy in a few days.

  A.possibility B.necessity C.ability D.probability

  9.We have never seen such gorgeous hills.

  A.beautiful B.stretching C.spreading D.rolling

  10.The leaves have been swept into huge heaps.

  A.loads B.layers C.pyramids D.piles

  11.The news will horrify everyone.

  A.attract B.terrify C.tempt D.excite

  12.The article sketched the major events of the decade.

  A.described B.offered C.outlined D.presented

  13.I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.

  A.bear B.receive C.admit D.take

  14.Their style of playing football is utterly different.

  A.barely B.scarcely C.hardly D.totally

  15.Her sister urged her to apply for the job.

  A.advised B.caused C.forced D.promised

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,第题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

Want to Be 100?Listen to These 5 Centenarians(百岁老人)

  Five neighbors at a central Missouri retirement community who are all centenarians get asked all the time:"How did you live to be 100?"

  If you want to live to 100 or more,this rare group of five golden girls says the key to longevity(长寿)is working hard at a job you love and taking care of your body while you're at it.

  Even though an estimated 70,000 people in the country are currently at the century mark or beyond in age,it is unusual to find five 100-year-olds living in one place.

  The average life-span(寿命)of Americans is about two or three years short of an 80th birthday party.And most people don't want to cut out coffee,soda,alcohol,cigarettes,and eat healthy food.

  "People tell me all the time,'I don't want to live to be 100,'"said Mildred Leaver,who turned 100 in June.

  "I think that's just sad.Aging is attitude and I don't feel old,"said Leaver,a former educator who still drives her Buick around town.

  It doesn't take long to see that Leaver and her neighbors Mildred Harris,Grace Wolfson,Gladys Stuart and Viola Semas,have a lot more in common than their longevity and lifelong healthy habits.All are 100 except Stuart,who is 101.

  Even though their sight and hearing aren't what they used to be,they've all avoided illnesses that many elderly people are stricken with.It's been 50 years since Leaver beat cancer for the first and only time.

  The common thread that connects these women is the decades of service to jobs each loved as a farmer,designer,school principal,bookkeeper and secretary.In the early years of their lives,gainfully employed women like them were just as rare as 100-year-olds are today.

  16.Currently about 70,000 people are aged 100 or above in America.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  17.It is not hard to find five 100-year-olds living in one place in America.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  18.None of the five centenarians have any children.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  19.The average life-span of Americans is 80 years.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  20.Leaver feels sad about her old age.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  21.Leaver was stricken with cancer 50 years age.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  22.The five centenarians live in a very friendly community.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Facts about Stroke

  1Every 45 seconds,someone in America has a stroke.Every 3.1 minutes,someone dies of one.Stroke killed an estimated 167,661 people in 2000 and is the nation's third leading cause of death,ranking behind diseases of the heart and all forms of cancer.Stroke is a leading cause of serious,long-term disability in the United States.

  2Stroke is a type of cardiovascular(心血管的)disease.It affects the arteries(动脉)leading to and within the brain.A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients(营养物)to the brain is either blocked by a clot(凝块)or bursts.When that happens,part of the brain cannot get the blood(and oxygen)it needs,so it starts to die.

  3The brain is an extremely complex organ that controls various body functions.If a stroke occurs and blood flow can't reach the region that controls a particular body function,that part of the body won't work as it should.If the stroke occurs toward the back of the brain,for instance,it's likely that some disability involving vision will result.The effects of a stroke depend primarily on the location of the obstruction(阻塞)and the extent of brain tissue affected.

  4The American Stroke Association has identified several factors that increase the risk of stroke.The more risk factors a person has,the greater the chance that he or she will have a stroke.Some of these you can't control,such as increasing age,family health history,race,and prior stroke.But you can change or treat other risk factors to lower your risk.Factors resulting from lifestyle or environment can be modified with a healthcare provider's help.Some of these include:high blood pressure,current smoking,heart disease,and high red blood cell count.

  5A stroke can happen to anyone at any moment.In fact about 600,000 people have strokes every year.For many years,there was no hope for those suffering a stroke.However,recent breakthroughs have led to new treatments.For the treatments to work,the person must get to a hospital immediately.

  23.Paragraph 2     .
  24.Paragraph 3     .
  25.Paragraph 4     .
  26.Paragraph 5     .
  A Effects of a stroke
  B Annual cost of stroke in the US
  C Definition and description of a stroke
  D Breakthroughs in treatment
  E Risk factors of stroke
  F Warning signs of a stroke

  27.When a stroke occurs,the arteries leading to and within the brain.
  28.A person's vision is likely to be affected if a stroke.
  29.Some people can reduce their risk of stroke if they.
  30.New treatments are now available to people who.
  A suffer from a stroke
  B will be affected
  C change their lifestyles
  D will take place
  E occurs at the back of his/her brain
  F controls various body functions

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第一篇

Wayne Beno

  Wayne Beno was a true outdoorsman.Fishing,boating,hunting,walking through the woods with his three dogs,Wayne loved and did it all.Then life changed dramatically.Wayne was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease(帕金森氏病).

  "For the next thirteen years I took 28 pills a day,had horrible side effects,and even with all those pills I still had lots of shaking and tremors(颤抖).I only went out during peak times,when I was looking and feeling my best.But that wasn't often and I really couldn't do much of anything.I felt like the life I loved was over,"said Wayne.

  Then Wayne's doctor in Green Bay suggested he consider a breakthrough surgical option being offered at Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin called Deep Brain Stimulation(刺激)(DBS).DBS is a surgical option used to treat disabling movement disorders related to Parkinson's disease,essential tremor and more.It is not a cure,but significant improvement is seen in most movement disorder cases,with relatively low risk to the patient.

  In addition to his doctor's recommendation,Wayne had a neighbor and fishing friend who had the DBS procedure at Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin.His friend's experience convinced Wayne that the 180-mile trip from his home in Crivitz,Wisconsin could be well worth the effort.

  And was it ever.

  "It was the best thing I ever did.I'm down to zero pills a day and I don't shake at all,"reports Wayne."Before the surgery,I felt bad every single day.Now I feel like my old self.I'm back to business as usual,which for me means fishing,fishing,and more fishing,every day of the year.Things just couldn't be any better!"

  31.Before getting Parkinson's disease,Wayne loved
  A.social activities.
  B.outdoor activities.
  C.productive activities.
  D.quiet activities.

  32.What was true of the pills Wayne took for 13 years?
  A.They cured his disease.
  B.They produced terrible side effects.
  C.They stopped his shaking and tremors.
  D.They enabled him to go out as often as before.

  33.Deep Brain Stimulation is most effective for
  A.mental disorders.
  B.chronic diseases.
  C.permanent brain injuries.
  D.disabling movement disorders.

  34.Wayne had a neighbor and fishing friend who
  A.worked as a doctor.
  B.was against the DBS procedure.
  C.benefited from the DBS procedure.
  D.was a victim of the DBS procedure.

  35.After the surgery,Wayne felt
  A.completely recovered.
  B.bad every single day.
  C.pain every now and then.
  D.worse than before the surgery.

 

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